MRI Scans: What’s New

MRI Scans have long been a standard method for Oncologists to search for abnormal tissues and tumours.

Despite CT scans often being considered as far more accurate in terms of diagnosing many forms of cancer, MRI scans are still relied on a day-to-day basis by professionals around the world to inspect otherwise inaccessible regions of the body such as the brain, spinal cord, bones and blood vessels. Regardless of how useful this machine is to modern healthcare there are still ways that we can improve how we use this technology.

This month a number of stories have emerged highlighting how improved vigilance and focused innovation can help us avoid making errors in the future and increase our methods of diagnosis when using this valuable piece of equipment:

Patients in Wales are ‘too big’ for MRI Scanners

At what point do we start building larger MRI scanners to accommodate for obese patients? In a recent study concluded by Cardiff and Vale University Health Board it was found that over 200 scans have had to be cancelled since 2014 due to patients being ‘too big’ to fit into MRI Scans.

Although this story has (rather predictably) been picked up by the tabloids as a form of click-bait it’s important for us to look past the sensationalist responses and put consideration into how to respond to this problem. After all, obesity is one of the leading preventable causes of death in the country with 28.1% of the country being classed as obese.

A man in India dies after MRI accident

Rajesh Maru, 32, was invited to enter a room to visit a relative undergoing a routine MRI scan in a state-run hospital in Mumbai. He was allowed to enter the room with an oxygen cylinder in his hand which was pulled violently towards the machine along with Mr. Maru. The impact of the cylinder against the machine caused a leak of liquid oxygen which the visitor inhaled which led to his death soon after.

It might be easy to dismiss this case as another example of lax health and safety in a developing country, but this kind of accident can all too easily occur – in fact a similar incident led to the death of a young boy in New York in 2001. This should serve as a wake-up call to practitioners at all responsibility levels.

Erasable MRI Scans could improve diagnoses

As many radiation oncologists will know, the use of contrast agents to make scans easier to read can be both a blessing and a curse. These magnetic dyes, administered orally or directly into the blood stream, can help oncologists identify tumours with greater accuracy but they can often be difficult to distinguish from normal body tissues damaging the efficacy of the process.

Researchers at the California Institute of Technology have been working on the development of ‘erasable’ contrast agents which should allow technicians to ‘turn off’ contrasting agents through the use of ultrasound. Mikhail Shapiro, assistant on the project, is hoping that this advancement will lead to contrast agents becoming far more visible in scans thus reducing false-positive results and other misdiagnoses.

Claire’s Uneasy Discovery

There’s a forgotten demographic group in the UK that are more susceptible to long-term illnesses than others: single parents.

They work long hours; they are by and large financially self-sufficient and they are one of the most susceptible groups to slow-growing forms of cancer.

Claire Rothschild was juggling two part-time jobs and the care of two young children whilst a cancer was growing inside her, but why was it allowed the time to grow?

“When you’re raising kids by yourself you simply don’t have the time for these kinds of thoughts. When I split from my partner I didn’t have the luxury of having the kind of support network that other single mothers did. My parents passed away when I was a teenager, so I suppose you could say that I learned to support myself from a very young age. When I made the transition to single parenthood I found it easy to slip back into that state of independence – of course, it meant that I let a few signs fall under the radar.”

Kidney Cancer (otherwise known as renal cancer) is a condition that is rare in people under 50. It usually affects adults aged 60 and upwards, especially those who have lived unhealthy lifestyles, which is why Claire was surprised to have received the diagnosis from her doctor in 2016. Renal cancer is a slow-burning disease, it takes a long time to develop and spread, but that doesn’t make it any less serious than any other type of cancer.

“I felt so silly when the doctor told me what it was. I’d put off going to the GP for so long, inventing excuse after excuse: I had shopping to do, the kids needed looking after, it wouldn’t fit in with work. If I’d just faced up the fact that I was unwell I would got this diagnosis much sooner and been able to tackle this disease much quicker. But I did what a lot of people did and simply put it out of my mind.”

There are around 2 million single parents living in the UK many of whom, just like Claire, will be putting off seeing their doctor because they either don’t have the time or are scared about how a bad diagnosis could effect their life. A life-threatening or intensive illness can be an incredibly difficult thing for a single parent to face, especially when they don’t have a strong support network to guide them:

“I remember being so totally, completely frightened. Frightened that I wouldn’t be able to look after my children, that they might be taken away from me, most of all frightened that I might not live to see them grow up. Thankfully, I was helped significantly by a number of social groups and charities, which made the recovery process a lot easier than I thought it would be.”

Long-running charities such as Gingerbread and Family Lives exist to help single parents deal with the numerous challenges that they face. Charitable grants, educational courses and support groups exist to relieve single parents of stress, giving them a much needed emotional outlet.

Gerald’s Near Miss

At the age of 55, Gerald Manson from Wolverhampton had considered himself rather lucky in life.

Gerald Manson, a gardener from Wolverhampton, had thought his life was charmed until he found a rather nasty surprise when he lifted up his shirt at work.

“I’d never been ill a day in my life, never taken a day off sick and still had all my teeth – I always thought I was lucky!”

Having a physical vocation is what Gerald attributes his excellent health to. Since the age of 15 he has worked as a gardener/labourer, a role that often involves a lot of moving around and often long days spent outside breathing the fresh air.

“My job’s really varied, its what I love about being a gardener. One day I could be laying down a blanket of turf, the next day I could be fitting a series of garden fencing panels. I love doing DIY and gardening, so getting hired for these kinds of jobs is an absolute God send.”

After 40 years of working outside, at the age of 55 Gerald is still going although a recent run in with a melanoma did briefly stop him in his tracks:

“I’m not a small bloke, I drink a few pints each week and I probably eat a few too many chips so I suppose I’d always ran the risk of getting some kind of illness, but had always been lucky enough to avoid it. If I ever expected to get ill, it was through my bad habits rather than anything else.”

Melanoma, otherwise know as skin cancer, is one of the most common forms of cancers in the UK. Signs to look out for are any changes in colour or shape of existing moles, but for the unaware these kinds of cancer can easily go unnoticed. In Gerald’s case it took a particularly observant off-duty GP to notice that there was something the matter.

“I don’t usually take my shirt off whilst I’m working out of professional courtesy, but last summer there were a couple of scorchers that I had to work through where it truly felt like the only way to cool down. I’d been fitting some fences for a client on this particular day and assuming they’d popped out for a spell, I took the opportunity to pop my shirt off.”

Half-way through the job, Gerald was stopped by his client who had come out to offer him a drink but had been stopped in her tracks by the formations of abnormally shaped moles on his back.

“She asked me if they’d always been like that and I had to ask her what she was talking about. Don’t get me wrong I give my back a good scrubbing each night, but I never really get a good look at it. Soon she had me lie down on the floor so she could take photos to send to her colleagues. Within seconds she had replies confirming her initial theory, I had a huge collection of melanomas on my back and they needed.”

This kind of chance diagnosis does not happen very often, so Gerald can count himself lucky. Thankfully, he completed his treatment successfully and is now back where he belongs: in someone’s garden!

Summer Radiation Oncology Conferences

Are you in need of a refresher on your specialty?

The field of Radiation Oncology is always expanding and growing, luckily there are plenty of conferences on this summer for you to catch up with all the changes.

It can be easy to fall behind the current best practices in the industry, one of the best ways of keeping up to speed is by attending a conference. Not only do conferences give you the chance of learning about any new changes that might be helpful to your day-to-day tasks, but they’re also a great way of staying ahead of the curve. Only the very cream of the crop are hired by conference organisers to speak so you can guarantee that you’re going to get your money’s worth and also get a glimpse at what’s yet to come.

The Summer conference schedule is jam-packed this year with plenty of events that will get you the info that you need, see below for our selection:

Global Congress on Prostate Cancer 2018

Only 600 place are available for this year’s PROSCA Congress, but that doesn’t mean that you should discount it as an option. This event offers the unparalleled opportunity to get completely up to date on all things Prostate Cancer in the space of three days. Professionals of all pedigrees can benefit from in-depth lectures from top tier industry experts, participation in debates and have the opportunity of meeting other prostate management experts from around the world.

Where? Fankfurt Am Main, Germany

When? June 28-30 2018

How much? Researchers and students can apply for €250, whereas physicians must pay €850

Congress on Cancer in Women 2018

Focusing on the advances of Oncology and Radiotherapy treatments for women, this particularly niche conference offers you the chance to dive deep into a set of exclusive learning modules on topics such as gynecological cancer, hematology, melaonoma and breast cancer. Endorsed by the Mexican Society of Radiotherapy and the National Cancer Institute of Mexico, this conference will feature numerous presentations, as well as guest speakers from Europe and the United States.

Where? Hilton Mexico City, Mexico

When? July 27-28 2018

How much? See site for details

IASLC Latin America Conference on Lung Cancer 2018

Argentina hosts this year’s Latin American conference on Lung Cancer, a disease that is the leading cancer-related killer in the world. Surgeons, oncologists and radiologists alike will find their agenda of much interest as speakers from around the world, such as Luis E. Raez, Susana Vanoni and Ignacio Wistuba will be present to provide details of the progress made in their fields of expertise.

Where? Sheraton Hotel, Cordoba, Argentina

When? August 15-18 2018

How much? Early bird registrants can gain access for as little as $150 for non-IASLC members whereas students and residents can register for free.

Canadian Association of Radiation Oncology 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting

Above all else this revered annual conference provides students, therapist, nurses and oncologists with the opportunity to get a complete understanding of specific therapies and treatments for cancer. Practical lectures are held over the course of four days with speakers including Dr. Thomas DeLaney, Dr. Laura Dawson and Dr. Luc Beaulieu who will be offering an insight into his breakthroughs in permanent seed implantation for prostate cancer.

Where? Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, Canada

When? September 10-15 2018

How much? Full conference access for students comes at $275, whereas non-member practitioners must pay $798